SOLUTIONS THAT CAN BE UTILIZED TO FIX THE PROBLEM OF THE DROUGHT
The first solution that can be employed to avert the dire consequences of the drought is making sure that the boards that are concerned with managing drought such as the Bureau’s Drought Watch Service measures the rainfall patterns and the severity of the droughts and provides the government, the community, and businesses with the information. This will assist in assessing the current situation and assist in devising action plans that will make the impact of the drought minimal (McKay 50).
Another solution would be implementing effective water harvesting plans that would ensure there is enough water to last through the periods of drought. This may include constructing bigger dams and reservoirs to make sure that there is enough water for irrigation and industrial and domestic use during times of deficit.
EFFECTS OF DROUGHT ON WILDLIFE
The effects of drought in Australia are not only felt by the human population but also by the wildlife. According to Mercer et al., over ten percent of the total wildlife in the natural habitats succumbs to the impacts of severe droughts in Australia (280). This may be due to lack of vegetation cover, water, and due to their habitats being destroyed by the wildfires.
In search of food, animals have also been know to migrate to other areas and in some cases there is conflict between human and animals as they compete for the scarce resources.
DROUGHT AND THE LACK OF WATER
As a result of the droughts, Australia experiences a lot of problems relating to water. In 2007 and present, Sydney’s largest water reservoir indicated low levels of water at 40% full and many rural towns predominantly in East Australia are often facing water shortage problems (Ruti, Di Rocco, and Gualdi 47). In addition, urban water management authorities in Australia are ever experiencing mounting pressures to deal with water shortages due to the droughts. However, the authorities are looking for ways to manage the problem and to make sure there is sustainable water.
As a result of low levels of water, the availability of drinking water for the rural inhabitants and in the extreme, towns, results to poor water qualities. Accordingly, there are cases of toxic algae epidemics which threatens the life of humans, animals, and plants (McKay 37). Various outbreaks are also associated with water scarcity due to drought.